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Spain strengthens global presence
Spain is one of the countries with the strongest global presence, as shown by the Elcano Global Presence Report 2017. The report, published by Elcano Royal Institute, places us 12th among the top 100 countries in terms of international presence in 2016.
Thus, with a score of 204.1, Spain retains the place we had in the 2016 index, measuring global presence in 2015. Against a background of ‘deglobalisation and concentration of global presence in the leading international actors,’ the report states, Spain strengthens itself among the 15 countries with the greatest international impact.
Global presence evolution can be an indicator of globalisation itself. The report concludes that the aggregated global presence of the countries in the index fell in 2016 for the first time since 1990, which suggests an underlying process of deglobalisation.
The Elcano Global Presence Report measures the influence of 100 countries beyond their borders along three dimensions: economic (energy exports, primary commodities, investment abroad), military (troops and equipment) and ‘soft’ (tourism, science and technology, culture and education, cooperation).
The most significant dimension of Spain’s global presence is economic (59.3%). Our country’s soft presence has a share of 29.8%, while the military presence is at 10.9%.
No news in the top 20
As to global results, no significant changes are observed in the index’s top 20 positions vis-à-vis 2016. The United States leads the ranking with a score of 2456.9; it has done so since 1990. It is followed by China (729.6), Germany (623.0), the United Kingdom (565.6) and France (515.6).
Ten new countries have joined the ranking this year: Bolivia, Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Jordan, Lebanon, Panama, Serbia, Tunisia and Yemen.
A powerful tourism industry, an appealing cultural heritage and a rise in exports are three of the factors behind Spain’s strong position in the Elcano Global Presence Index. To these we should add our country’s efforts to play a relevant role in the international scene, both at EU and UN levels. This is analysed in another Elcano Institute paper: ‘Spain in the World 2017: Prospects and Challenges’.
The presentation of the Elcano Global Presence Report 2017 took place at the Círculo de Bellas Artes in Madrid. The report’s findings were discussed by Emilio Lamo de Espinosa, Chairman of Elcano Royal Institute, and Elcano researchers Iliana Olivié and Manuel Gracia.